Mark 4:1-34 – He taught them many things in parables

  • Also recorded by Matthew 13:1-9 and Luke 8:4-8
  • Opened and ended with declarations of Jesus employed the parabolic method (4:2,4:34)
  • Jesus gave the reason why He used parables (v10-12)
    • how should we explain Jesus’s teaching?
    • Did Jesus mean to use parables to prevent people to repent and get to know God?
  • Parable of the Sower
    • seed = God’s Word (Mark 4:14, Luke 8:11)
    • servant = God’s servant, Christians workers (1 Cor 3:5-9)
    • soil = human’s heart
    • 3 enemies of Christians: Satan, fresh, world (Eph 2:1-3)
    • 4 kinds of hearts and 4 different responses to God’s word
      • seed fell along the path – hard heart
        • soil becomes hard when too many feet tread on it
        • hard hearts must be plowed up before they can receive the seed
        • enemy – Satan
      • seed fell on rocky ground – shallow heart
        • no depth, what ever is planted cannot last because it has no roots
        • emotional hearer who accepts God’s Word with joy but do not really understand it
        • enemy – flesh
      • seed fell among thorns – crowded heart
        • good seed has no room to grow
        • enemy – world
      • seed fell into good soil – fruitful heart
        • true believer – a changed life is the evidence of true salvation
  • Parable of the lamp
    • Lamb = Christians who share God’s Word
    • Pay attention to What we hear (v24)
    • Pay attention to How we hear (Luke 8:18)
    • The more we share God’s Word, the more will be given to us (v25)
  • Parable of Growing Seed
    • our responsibility is sow the seed
    • God grows the seed
    • one day we will harvest
  • Parable of Mustard Seed
    • What is the meaning of this parable?
    • Who is the bird?

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